Vanguard Large-Cap (VV): Historical Returns

Data Source: from January 1871 to March 2024 (~153 years)
Consolidated Returns as of 31 March 2024
Live Update: Apr 12 2024
Category: Stocks
Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF
ETF • LIVE PERFORMANCE (USD currency)
1.45%
1 Day
Apr 12 2024
2.20%
Current Month
April 2024

In the last 30 Years, the Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF obtained a 10.68% compound annual return, with a 15.24% standard deviation.

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The ETF is related to the following investment themes:

  • Asset Class: Equity
  • Size: Large Cap
  • Style: Blend
  • Region: North America
  • Country: U.S.

The Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF is part of the following Lazy Portfolios:

Portfolio Name Author VV Weight Currency
Warren Buffett Portfolio Warren Buffett 90.00% USD
No Brainer Portfolio Bill Bernstein 25.00% USD
Lifepath Fund iShares 22.09% USD
Sandwich Portfolio Bob Clyatt 20.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 100/0 Bill Bernstein 20.00% USD
GAA Global Asset Allocation Mebane Faber 18.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 90/10 Bill Bernstein 18.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 80/20 Bill Bernstein 16.00% USD
Coward's Portfolio Bill Bernstein 15.00% USD
Family Taxable Portfolio Ted Aronson 15.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 70/30 Bill Bernstein 14.00% USD
Marc Faber Portfolio Marc Faber 13.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 60/40 Bill Bernstein 12.00% USD
Coffeehouse Bill Schultheis 10.00% USD
Rob Arnott Portfolio Rob Arnott 10.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 50/50 Bill Bernstein 10.00% USD
Big Rocks Portfolio Larry Swedroe 9.00% USD
7Twelve Portfolio Craig Israelsen 8.34% USD
Sheltered Sam 40/60 Bill Bernstein 8.00% USD
Simple Money Portfolio Tim Maurer 7.50% USD
Ideal Index Frank Armstrong 6.25% USD
Ultimate Buy&Hold FundAdvice 6.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 30/70 Bill Bernstein 6.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 20/80 Bill Bernstein 4.00% USD
Sheltered Sam 10/90 Bill Bernstein 2.00% USD

Investment Returns as of Mar 31, 2024

The Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF guaranteed the following returns.

Returns are calculated in USD, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the reinvestment of dividends.
  • the actual US Inflation rates.
VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Consolidated returns as of 31 March 2024
Live Update: Apr 12 2024
Swipe left to see all data
  Chg (%) Return (%) Return (%) as of Mar 31, 2024
  1 Day Time ET(*) Apr 2024 1M 6M 1Y 5Y 10Y 30Y MAX
(~153Y)
Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF -1.45 -2.20 2.62 23.03 29.84 14.79 12.74 10.68 9.05
US Inflation Adjusted return 2.23 21.09 25.48 10.17 9.63 7.94 6.78
Returns over 1 year are annualized | Available data source: since Jan 1871
(*) Eastern Time (ET - America/New York)
US Inflation is updated to Mar 2024. Current inflation (annualized) is 1Y: 3.48% , 5Y: 4.19% , 10Y: 2.84% , 30Y: 2.54%

In 2023, the Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF granted a 1.78% dividend yield. If you are interested in getting periodic income, please refer to the Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF: Dividend Yield page.

Capital Growth as of Mar 31, 2024

An investment of 1$, since April 1994, now would be worth 20.99$, with a total return of 1999.16% (10.68% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 9.89$, with a net total return of 888.97% (7.94% annualized).
An investment of 1$, since January 1871, now would be worth 581245.87$, with a total return of 58124487.12% (9.05% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 23229.93$, with a net total return of 2322893.46% (6.78% annualized).

Investment Metrics as of Mar 31, 2024

Metrics of Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF, updated as of 31 March 2024.

Metrics are calculated based on monthly returns, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the reinvestment of dividends.
  • the actual US Inflation rates.
VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Advanced Metrics
Data Source: 1 January 1871 - 31 March 2024 (~153 years)
Swipe left to see all data
Metrics as of Mar 31, 2024
1M 3M 6M 1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
(~153Y)
Investment Return (%) 2.62 9.91 23.03 29.84 10.48 14.79 12.74 10.22 10.68 9.05
Infl. Adjusted Return (%) details 2.23 8.68 21.09 25.48 4.59 10.17 9.63 7.43 7.94 6.78
US Inflation (%) 0.38 1.13 1.61 3.48 5.63 4.19 2.84 2.59 2.54 2.12
Returns / Inflation rates over 1 year are annualized.
DRAWDOWN
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -8.31 -25.14 -25.14 -25.14 -50.39 -50.39 -83.65
Start to Recovery (# months) details 4 24 24 24 53 53 186
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2007 11 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 16 34
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 06
Bottom to End (# months) 1 15 15 15 37 37 152
End (yyyy mm) 2023 11 2023 12 2023 12 2023 12 2012 03 2012 03 1945 02
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
-44.82
same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details 74
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2000 09 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 25 34
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2002 09 1932 06
Bottom to End (# months) 1 15 15 15 37 49 152
End (yyyy mm) 2023 11 2023 12 2023 12 2023 12 2012 03 2006 10 1945 02
Longest negative period (# months) details 4 28 28 28 66 141 187
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 07 2021 07 2021 07 2021 07 2005 01 2000 01 1929 09
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2010 06 2011 09 1945 03
Annualized Return (%) -14.80 -0.57 -0.57 -0.57 -0.39 -0.18 -0.12
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -9.17 -29.07 -29.07 -29.07 -51.21 -53.21 -79.35
Start to Recovery (# months) details 5 27 27 27 64 151 188
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2000 09 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 102 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 18 18 48 49 155
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 03 2024 03 2024 03 2013 02 2013 03 1945 04
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2000 09 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 102 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 18 18 48 49 155
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 03 2024 03 2024 03 2013 02 2013 03 1945 04
Longest negative period (# months) details 5 31 34 34 90 162 256
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 04 2021 01 2021 01 2004 04 1998 04 1911 03
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2011 09 2011 09 1932 06
Annualized Return (%) -0.78 -3.02 -1.19 -1.19 -0.09 -0.33 -0.07
RISK INDICATORS
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Standard Deviation (%) 13.15 17.57 18.44 15.24 15.03 15.24 16.55
Sharpe Ratio 1.87 0.45 0.70 0.76 0.59 0.55 0.31
Sortino Ratio 2.64 0.60 0.93 1.01 0.77 0.72 0.43
Ulcer Index 2.93 10.93 9.13 6.90 12.05 14.68 18.02
Ratio: Return / Standard Deviation 2.27 0.60 0.80 0.84 0.68 0.70 0.55
Ratio: Return / Deepest Drawdown 3.59 0.42 0.59 0.51 0.20 0.21 0.11
% Positive Months details 75% 61% 65% 69% 67% 66% 61%
Positive Months 9 22 39 83 163 240 1132
Negative Months 3 14 21 37 77 120 707
LONG TERM RETURNS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 12.74 16.75 16.75 21.28
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 6.56 -3.23 -5.38
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 9.63 14.65 14.65 20.08
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 4.72 -5.68 -5.68
ROLLING PERIODS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Over the latest 30Y
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 58.93 32.68 28.49 16.75 10.43 10.68
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.98 -16.14 -6.19 -3.23 4.89
% Positive Periods 79% 82% 85% 91% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 72.47 23.13 14.09 7.25 4.53 9.15
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 1.90 8.23
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 54.87 29.66 25.51 14.65 7.73 7.94
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.99 -18.15 -8.60 -5.68 2.75
% Positive Periods 77% 78% 72% 88% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 72.47 23.13 14.09 7.25 4.53 9.15
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 1.90 8.23
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Over all the available data source (Jan 1871 - Mar 2024)
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 160.57 42.43 35.15 21.28 17.94 14.57
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -67.84 -42.65 -17.97 -5.38 1.60 3.02
% Positive Periods 72% 84% 89% 96% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 57.80 16.42 9.43 5.56 3.30 2.87
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - - 1.44
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 179.03 40.17 33.81 20.08 13.55 11.59
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -64.30 -38.10 -13.67 -5.68 -0.64 1.22
% Positive Periods 68% 78% 80% 88% 99% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 57.80 16.42 9.43 5.56 3.30 2.87
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - - 1.44
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Terms and Definitions
  • Annualized Portfolio Return: it's the annualized geometric mean return of the portfolio.
  • Deepest/Longest Drawdown: a drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. The deepest (or maximum) drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained. The longest drawdown is the period observed from a peak to the subsequent peak with the greatest duration.
  • Longest negative period: it's the maximum period for which an overall negative return has been observed.
  • Standard Deviation: it's a measure of the dispersion of returns around the mean.
  • Sharpe Ratio: it's a measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's calculated by dividing the excess return of the portfolio over the risk-free rate by the portfolio standard deviation. The risk-free rate here considered is the 1-3 Mth T-Bill return.
  • Sortino Ratio: another measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's a modification of the Sharpe Ratio (same formula but the denominator is the portfolio downside standard deviation).
  • Ulcer Index: it's a measure of downside risk that quantifies the depth and duration of drawdowns in an investment portfolio.
  • Best/Worst 10Y returns: the best and the worst 10-year return over a time frame.
  • Rolling Returns: N-year returns over a time frame, calculated over all the available data source (best, worst, % of positive returns). Each rolling period, longer than the longest negative period, yielded a non-negative minimum return.
  • Safe Withdrawal Rate (SWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, without the portfolio running out of money in any case (money amount withdrawal).
    For instance: Your initial invested capital is 100.000$; withdrawal rate (annualized) is 4%. This means that, in the first month, you will withdraw 100.000 * 4% * 1/12 = 333.33$. The second month, you’ll withdraw 333.33$ plus the inflation monthly rate. You’ll continue adjusting your withdraw monthly for inflation.
  • Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (PWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, preserving the original invested capital, adjusted for inflation too.

Correlations as of Mar 31, 2024

Correlation measures to what degree the returns of the two assets move in relation to each other.

Correlation coefficient is a numerical value between -1 and +1. If one variable goes up by a certain amount, the correlation coefficient indicates which way the other variable moves and by how much.
Asset correlations are calculated based on monthly returns.

Monthly correlations of Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF vs the main Asset Classes, over different timeframes. Columns are sortable (click on table header to sort).

VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Monthly correlations as of 31 March 2024
Swipe left to see all data
Correlation vs VV
Asset Class 1 Year 5 Years 10 Years 30 Years Since
Jan 1992
VTI
US Total Stock Market
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.99
0.99
SPY
US Large Cap
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
IJR
US Small Cap
0.84
0.87
0.85
0.82
0.82
VNQ
US REITs
0.89
0.85
0.75
0.62
0.61
QQQ
US Technology
0.88
0.93
0.93
0.83
0.83
PFF
Preferred Stocks
0.82
0.80
0.74
0.46
0.46
EFA
EAFE Stocks
0.90
0.89
0.87
0.83
0.80
VT
World All Countries
0.98
0.98
0.97
0.95
0.94
EEM
Emerging Markets
0.84
0.73
0.70
0.73
0.70
VGK
Europe
0.87
0.89
0.85
0.84
0.83
VPL
Pacific
0.92
0.85
0.83
0.71
0.66
FLLA
Latin America
0.83
0.69
0.57
0.64
0.64
BND
US Total Bond Market
0.71
0.53
0.39
0.16
0.17
TLT
Long Term Treasuries
0.79
0.21
0.09
-0.11
-0.09
BIL
US Cash
0.28
-0.03
0.00
0.00
0.00
TIP
TIPS
0.69
0.63
0.50
0.20
0.21
LQD
Invest. Grade Bonds
0.77
0.68
0.57
0.33
0.33
HYG
High Yield Bonds
0.85
0.85
0.81
0.68
0.67
CWB
US Convertible Bonds
0.85
0.87
0.87
0.85
0.84
BNDX
International Bonds
0.65
0.57
0.43
0.15
0.16
EMB
Emerg. Market Bonds
0.90
0.78
0.68
0.56
0.56
GLD
Gold
0.16
0.25
0.10
0.05
0.05
DBC
Commodities
0.02
0.45
0.40
0.31
0.31

If you want to learn more about historical correlations, you can find out here how the main asset class are correlated to each other.

Drawdowns

A drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. A maximum drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained.

VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Drawdown periods
Drawdown periods - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1871 - 31 March 2024 (~153 years)
Inflation Adjusted:
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Rolling Returns

( more details)

A rolling return is a measure of investment performance that calculates the return of an investment over a set period of time, with the starting date rolling forward. This approach can provide a more accurate representation of the investment's historical performance and helps investors to evaluate the investment's consistency over time.

VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Annualized Rolling Returns
Annualized Rolling Returns - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1871 - 31 March 2024 (~153 years)
Inflation Adjusted:

If you need a deeper detail about rolling returns, please refer to the Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF: Rolling Returns page.

Seasonality

In which months is it better to invest in Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF?

Both the Average Return and the Gain Frequency (Win %) are useful to get an idea of what happened in the past.
For further information about the seasonality, check the Asset Class Seasonality page.
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Monthly Returns

This section provides a visual/tabular representation of the performance variability in the Vanguard Large-Cap (VV) ETF over time. It illustrates the distribution of monthly returns, showcasing the range and frequency of positive and negative returns.

VANGUARD LARGE-CAP (VV) ETF
Monthly Returns Distribution
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1871 - 31 March 2024 (~153 years)
240 Positive Months (67%) - 120 Negative Months (33%)
1132 Positive Months (62%) - 707 Negative Months (38%)
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(Scroll down to see all data)
Investment Returns, up to December 2004, have been derived using the historical series of equivalent ETFs / Assets.
You can find additional information on extended Data Sources here.

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