Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO): Historical Returns

Data Source: from January 1927 to March 2024 (~97 years)
Consolidated Returns as of 31 March 2024
Live Update: Apr 17 2024
Category: Stocks
Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF
ETF • LIVE PERFORMANCE (USD currency)
0.27%
1 Day
Apr 17 2024
5.80%
Current Month
April 2024

In the last 30 Years, the Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF obtained a 11.14% compound annual return, with a 17.06% standard deviation.

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The ETF is related to the following investment themes:

  • Asset Class: Equity
  • Size: Mid Cap
  • Style: Blend
  • Region: North America
  • Country: U.S.

The Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF is part of the following Lazy Portfolios:

Portfolio Name Author VO Weight Currency
7Twelve Portfolio Craig Israelsen 8.33% USD

Investment Returns as of Mar 31, 2024

The Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF guaranteed the following returns.

Returns are calculated in USD, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the reinvestment of dividends.
  • the actual US Inflation rates.
VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Consolidated returns as of 31 March 2024
Live Update: Apr 17 2024
Swipe left to see all data
  Chg (%) Return (%) Return (%) as of Mar 31, 2024
  1 Day Time ET(*) Apr 2024 1M 6M 1Y 5Y 10Y 30Y MAX
(~97Y)
Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF -0.27 -5.80 4.28 21.08 20.44 10.93 9.89 11.14 10.85
US Inflation Adjusted return 3.88 19.16 16.40 6.47 6.85 8.39 7.63
Returns over 1 year are annualized | Available data source: since Jan 1927
(*) Eastern Time (ET - America/New York)
US Inflation is updated to Mar 2024. Current inflation (annualized) is 1Y: 3.48% , 5Y: 4.19% , 10Y: 2.84% , 30Y: 2.54%

In 2023, the Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF granted a 1.75% dividend yield. If you are interested in getting periodic income, please refer to the Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF: Dividend Yield page.

Capital Growth as of Mar 31, 2024

An investment of 1$, since April 1994, now would be worth 23.81$, with a total return of 2280.63% (11.14% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 11.22$, with a net total return of 1021.58% (8.39% annualized).
An investment of 1$, since January 1927, now would be worth 22486.59$, with a total return of 2248559.43% (10.85% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 1275.29$, with a net total return of 127428.68% (7.63% annualized).

Investment Metrics as of Mar 31, 2024

Metrics of Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF, updated as of 31 March 2024.

Metrics are calculated based on monthly returns, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the reinvestment of dividends.
  • the actual US Inflation rates.
VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Advanced Metrics
Data Source: 1 January 1927 - 31 March 2024 (~97 years)
Swipe left to see all data
Metrics as of Mar 31, 2024
1M 3M 6M 1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
(~97Y)
Investment Return (%) 4.28 7.82 21.08 20.44 5.71 10.93 9.89 9.91 11.14 10.85
Infl. Adjusted Return (%) details 3.88 6.62 19.16 16.40 0.07 6.47 6.85 7.13 8.39 7.63
US Inflation (%) 0.38 1.13 1.61 3.48 5.63 4.19 2.84 2.59 2.54 2.99
Returns / Inflation rates over 1 year are annualized.
DRAWDOWN
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -12.62 -25.45 -25.76 -25.76 -54.01 -54.01 -88.02
Start to Recovery (# months) details 5 27 8 8 45 45 186
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2020 01 2020 01 2007 06 2007 06 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 3 3 21 21 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2020 03 2020 03 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 5 5 24 24 153
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 03 2020 08 2020 08 2011 02 2011 02 1945 02
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest
-25.45 -25.45
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details 27 27
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 06 2007 06 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 21 21 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 18 18 24 24 153
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 03 2024 03 2024 03 2011 02 2011 02 1945 02
Longest negative period (# months) details 7 31 34 37 65 107 185
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 04 2021 04 2021 01 2017 03 2006 05 2000 04 1929 09
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2020 03 2011 09 2009 02 1945 01
Annualized Return (%) -8.78 -2.79 -0.08 -0.25 -0.06 -0.37 -0.26
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -13.45 -29.54 -29.54 -29.54 -55.30 -55.30 -84.88
Start to Recovery (# months) details 5 29* 29* 29* 68 68 186
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2021 11 2021 11 2021 11 2007 06 2007 06 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 11 11 11 21 21 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 18 18 47 47 153
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - 2013 01 2013 01 1945 02
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2021 11 2021 11 2021 11 2007 06 2007 06 1929 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 11 11 11 21 21 33
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 1932 05
Bottom to End (# months) 2 18 18 18 47 47 153
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - 2013 01 2013 01 1945 02
Longest negative period (# months) details 7 35 46 60 74 132 238
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 04 2021 04 2020 01 2015 04 2005 08 1998 03 1929 09
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2024 02 2023 10 2020 03 2011 09 2009 02 1949 06
Annualized Return (%) -11.70 -1.22 -0.24 -0.34 -0.49 -0.05 -0.24
Drawdowns / Negative periods marked with * are in progress
RISK INDICATORS
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Standard Deviation (%) 17.67 19.01 20.60 17.00 17.39 17.06 19.81
Sharpe Ratio 0.86 0.17 0.44 0.51 0.49 0.52 0.35
Sortino Ratio 1.26 0.24 0.59 0.69 0.65 0.68 0.48
Ulcer Index 4.56 12.31 10.53 8.24 12.99 11.58 23.40
Ratio: Return / Standard Deviation 1.16 0.30 0.53 0.58 0.57 0.65 0.55
Ratio: Return / Deepest Drawdown 1.62 0.22 0.42 0.38 0.18 0.21 0.12
% Positive Months details 50% 50% 56% 63% 62% 62% 61%
Positive Months 6 18 34 76 150 225 721
Negative Months 6 18 26 44 90 135 446
LONG TERM RETURNS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 9.89 17.49 17.49 21.32
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 6.48 3.30 -7.15
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 6.85 15.46 15.46 18.22
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 4.62 0.69 -5.03
ROLLING PERIODS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Over the latest 30Y
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 70.72 31.68 27.23 17.49 12.31 11.14
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -46.45 -17.29 -5.00 3.30 7.30
% Positive Periods 78% 89% 97% 100% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 67.14 23.58 15.28 9.63 7.07 10.05
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - 0.99 4.70 9.15
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 66.36 28.61 24.66 15.46 9.77 8.39
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -46.46 -19.05 -7.44 0.69 5.12
% Positive Periods 75% 86% 89% 100% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 67.14 23.58 15.28 9.63 7.07 10.05
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - 0.99 4.70 9.15
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Over all the available data source (Jan 1927 - Mar 2024)
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 176.23 50.32 40.29 21.32 18.11 16.59
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -70.22 -48.32 -23.95 -7.15 1.85 7.45
% Positive Periods 74% 85% 91% 96% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 54.49 13.11 7.47 4.58 2.86 2.53
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 0.15 2.03
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 195.81 47.03 38.90 18.22 14.32 12.84
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -66.94 -44.22 -20.23 -5.03 0.26 5.59
% Positive Periods 70% 81% 84% 90% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 54.49 13.11 7.47 4.58 2.86 2.53
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 0.15 2.03
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Terms and Definitions
  • Annualized Portfolio Return: it's the annualized geometric mean return of the portfolio.
  • Deepest/Longest Drawdown: a drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. The deepest (or maximum) drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained. The longest drawdown is the period observed from a peak to the subsequent peak with the greatest duration.
  • Longest negative period: it's the maximum period for which an overall negative return has been observed.
  • Standard Deviation: it's a measure of the dispersion of returns around the mean.
  • Sharpe Ratio: it's a measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's calculated by dividing the excess return of the portfolio over the risk-free rate by the portfolio standard deviation. The risk-free rate here considered is the 1-3 Mth T-Bill return.
  • Sortino Ratio: another measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's a modification of the Sharpe Ratio (same formula but the denominator is the portfolio downside standard deviation).
  • Ulcer Index: it's a measure of downside risk that quantifies the depth and duration of drawdowns in an investment portfolio.
  • Best/Worst 10Y returns: the best and the worst 10-year return over a time frame.
  • Rolling Returns: N-year returns over a time frame, calculated over all the available data source (best, worst, % of positive returns). Each rolling period, longer than the longest negative period, yielded a non-negative minimum return.
  • Safe Withdrawal Rate (SWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, without the portfolio running out of money in any case (money amount withdrawal).
    For instance: Your initial invested capital is 100.000$; withdrawal rate (annualized) is 4%. This means that, in the first month, you will withdraw 100.000 * 4% * 1/12 = 333.33$. The second month, you’ll withdraw 333.33$ plus the inflation monthly rate. You’ll continue adjusting your withdraw monthly for inflation.
  • Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (PWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, preserving the original invested capital, adjusted for inflation too.

Correlations as of Mar 31, 2024

Correlation measures to what degree the returns of the two assets move in relation to each other.

Correlation coefficient is a numerical value between -1 and +1. If one variable goes up by a certain amount, the correlation coefficient indicates which way the other variable moves and by how much.
Asset correlations are calculated based on monthly returns.

Monthly correlations of Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF vs the main Asset Classes, over different timeframes. Columns are sortable (click on table header to sort).

VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Monthly correlations as of 31 March 2024
Swipe left to see all data
Correlation vs VO
Asset Class 1 Year 5 Years 10 Years 30 Years Since
Jan 1992
VTI
US Total Stock Market
0.97
0.97
0.97
0.95
0.95
SPY
US Large Cap
0.95
0.96
0.95
0.92
0.92
IJR
US Small Cap
0.94
0.94
0.92
0.92
0.92
VNQ
US REITs
0.93
0.89
0.79
0.68
0.68
QQQ
US Technology
0.76
0.84
0.83
0.77
0.77
PFF
Preferred Stocks
0.79
0.83
0.77
0.49
0.48
EFA
EAFE Stocks
0.94
0.90
0.86
0.83
0.79
VT
World All Countries
0.98
0.97
0.95
0.92
0.90
EEM
Emerging Markets
0.91
0.76
0.71
0.76
0.73
VGK
Europe
0.90
0.89
0.84
0.82
0.81
VPL
Pacific
0.97
0.87
0.83
0.71
0.67
FLLA
Latin America
0.87
0.74
0.59
0.68
0.68
BND
US Total Bond Market
0.72
0.52
0.39
0.15
0.16
TLT
Long Term Treasuries
0.80
0.19
0.10
-0.12
-0.10
BIL
US Cash
0.29
-0.08
-0.05
-0.02
-0.02
TIP
TIPS
0.71
0.59
0.48
0.21
0.22
LQD
Invest. Grade Bonds
0.78
0.68
0.59
0.34
0.34
HYG
High Yield Bonds
0.88
0.87
0.83
0.70
0.70
CWB
US Convertible Bonds
0.92
0.89
0.89
0.90
0.90
BNDX
International Bonds
0.67
0.55
0.43
0.18
0.18
EMB
Emerg. Market Bonds
0.93
0.81
0.70
0.58
0.58
GLD
Gold
0.18
0.22
0.09
0.10
0.09
DBC
Commodities
0.14
0.50
0.42
0.38
0.38

If you want to learn more about historical correlations, you can find out here how the main asset class are correlated to each other.

Drawdowns

A drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. A maximum drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained.

VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Drawdown periods
Drawdown periods - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1927 - 31 March 2024 (~97 years)
Inflation Adjusted:
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Rolling Returns

( more details)

A rolling return is a measure of investment performance that calculates the return of an investment over a set period of time, with the starting date rolling forward. This approach can provide a more accurate representation of the investment's historical performance and helps investors to evaluate the investment's consistency over time.

VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Annualized Rolling Returns
Annualized Rolling Returns - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1927 - 31 March 2024 (~97 years)
Inflation Adjusted:

If you need a deeper detail about rolling returns, please refer to the Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF: Rolling Returns page.

Seasonality

In which months is it better to invest in Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF?

Both the Average Return and the Gain Frequency (Win %) are useful to get an idea of what happened in the past.
For further information about the seasonality, check the Asset Class Seasonality page.
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Monthly Returns

This section provides a visual/tabular representation of the performance variability in the Vanguard Mid-Cap (VO) ETF over time. It illustrates the distribution of monthly returns, showcasing the range and frequency of positive and negative returns.

VANGUARD MID-CAP (VO) ETF
Monthly Returns Distribution
Data Source: 1 April 1994 - 31 March 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1927 - 31 March 2024 (~97 years)
225 Positive Months (63%) - 135 Negative Months (38%)
721 Positive Months (62%) - 446 Negative Months (38%)
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(Scroll down to see all data)
Investment Returns, up to December 2004, have been derived using the historical series of equivalent ETFs / Assets.
You can find additional information on extended Data Sources here.

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