iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE): Historical Returns

Data Source: from August 1972 to April 2024 (~52 years)
Consolidated Returns as of 30 April 2024
Category: Fixed Income
iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF
Currency: EUR

In the last 30 Years, the iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF obtained a 3.71% compound annual return, with a 6.89% standard deviation.

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The iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF is part of the following Lazy Portfolios:

Portfolio Name Author EUNU.DE Weight Currency
All Country World Bonds To EUR 100.00% EUR
All Country World 20/80 To EUR 80.00% EUR
All Country World 40/60 To EUR 60.00% EUR
All Country World 60/40 To EUR 40.00% EUR
All Country World 80/20 To EUR 20.00% EUR

Investment Returns as of Apr 30, 2024

The iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF guaranteed the following returns.

Returns are calculated in EUR, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the adjustment for actual currency exchange rates (simulation derived from original US returns)
  • the actual Euro Inflation rates.
ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Consolidated returns as of 30 April 2024
Swipe left to see all data
  Chg (%) Return (%) Return (%) as of Apr 30, 2024
  1 Day Time ET(*) May 2024 1M 6M 1Y 5Y 10Y 30Y MAX
(~52Y)
iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF n.a. n.a. -1.63 3.15 0.59 -0.78 2.05 3.71 3.76
Euro Inflation Adjusted return -2.20 1.92 -1.75 -4.33 -0.25 1.61 0.98
Returns over 1 year are annualized | Available data source: since Aug 1972
(*) Eastern Time (ET - America/New York)
Euro Inflation is updated to Apr 2024. Current inflation (annualized) is 1Y: 2.38% , 5Y: 3.70% , 10Y: 2.30% , 30Y: 2.07%

Capital Growth as of Apr 30, 2024

An investment of 1€, since May 1994, now would be worth 2.98€, with a total return of 198.40% (3.71% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 1.61€, with a net total return of 61.46% (1.61% annualized).
An investment of 1€, since August 1972, now would be worth 6.74€, with a total return of 574.28% (3.76% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 1.66€, with a net total return of 65.99% (0.98% annualized).

Investment Metrics as of Apr 30, 2024

Metrics of iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF, updated as of 30 April 2024.

Metrics are calculated based on monthly returns, assuming:
  • no fees or capital gain taxes.
  • the adjustment for actual currency exchange rates (simulation derived from original US returns)
  • the actual Euro Inflation rates.
ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Advanced Metrics
Data Source: 1 August 1972 - 30 April 2024 (~52 years)
Swipe left to see all data
Metrics as of Apr 30, 2024
1M 3M 6M 1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
(~52Y)
Investment Return (%) -1.63 -1.73 3.15 0.59 -2.18 -0.78 2.05 2.81 3.71 3.76
Infl. Adjusted Return (%) details -2.20 -3.64 1.92 -1.75 -7.34 -4.33 -0.25 0.69 1.61 0.98
Euro Inflation (%) 0.58 1.98 1.21 2.38 5.57 3.70 2.30 2.11 2.07 2.75
Returns / Inflation rates over 1 year are annualized.
DRAWDOWN
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -3.78 -13.70 -14.37 -14.37 -14.37 -14.37 -46.09
Start to Recovery (# months) details 7 29* 48* 48* 48* 48* 120
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 12 2020 05 2020 05 2020 05 2020 05 1972 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 5 23 42 42 42 42 88
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 1980 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 6 6 6 6 6 32
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - - - 1982 10
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 12 2020 05 2020 05 2020 05 2020 05 1972 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 5 23 42 42 42 42 88
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 1980 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 6 6 6 6 6 32
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - - - 1982 10
Longest negative period (# months) details 11* 36* 60* 109* 109* 109* 125
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 05 2019 05 2015 04 2015 04 2015 04 1972 08
Period End (yyyy mm) 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 1982 12
Annualized Return (%) -0.81 -2.18 -0.78 -0.02 -0.02 -0.02 -0.20
Drawdowns / Negative periods marked with * are in progress
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -4.85 -23.84 -27.98 -27.98 -27.98 -27.98 -62.62
Start to Recovery (# months) details 8 29* 50* 50* 50* 50* 250
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 12 2020 03 2020 03 2020 03 2020 03 1972 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 5 23 44 44 44 44 90
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 1980 02
Bottom to End (# months) 3 6 6 6 6 6 160
End (yyyy mm) 2024 01 - - - - - 1993 06
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest

same as
deepest
-21.48
same as
deepest
Start to Recovery (# months) details 103
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 12 2020 03 2020 03 2020 03 2001 11 1972 09
Start to Bottom (# months) 5 23 44 44 44 80 90
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2023 10 2008 06 1980 02
Bottom to End (# months) 3 6 6 6 6 23 160
End (yyyy mm) 2024 01 - - - - 2010 05 1993 06
Longest negative period (# months) details 12* 36* 60* 120* 167* 167* 284
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 05 2021 05 2019 05 2014 05 2010 06 2010 06 1972 08
Period End (yyyy mm) 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 2024 04 1996 03
Annualized Return (%) -1.75 -7.34 -4.33 -0.25 -0.32 -0.32 -0.01
Drawdowns / Negative periods marked with * are in progress
RISK INDICATORS
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Standard Deviation (%) 4.69 5.51 5.49 5.81 6.71 6.89 8.50
Sharpe Ratio -1.00 -0.88 -0.49 0.14 0.21 0.21 -0.03
Sortino Ratio -1.47 -1.43 -0.77 0.21 0.34 0.32 -0.04
Ulcer Index 1.88 8.36 7.29 6.02 5.55 5.23 13.89
Ratio: Return / Standard Deviation 0.13 -0.40 -0.14 0.35 0.42 0.54 0.44
Ratio: Return / Deepest Drawdown 0.16 -0.16 -0.05 0.14 0.20 0.26 0.08
% Positive Months details 50% 41% 45% 51% 51% 52% 52%
Positive Months 6 15 27 62 124 189 328
Negative Months 6 21 33 58 116 171 293
LONG TERM RETURNS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 2.05 6.02 7.22 11.67
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 1.57 1.57 -1.50
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized -0.25 4.49 5.21 8.65
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized -0.49 -0.49 -6.37
ROLLING PERIODS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Over the latest 30Y
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 29.20 17.25 12.86 7.22 6.42 3.71
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -11.30 -4.33 -0.78 1.57 2.63
% Positive Periods 64% 84% 90% 100% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 90.41 28.86 18.24 9.17 5.22 5.01
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 0.56 1.91
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 27.31 15.28 11.07 5.21 4.52 1.61
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -18.21 -9.58 -4.33 -0.49 0.51
% Positive Periods 55% 64% 74% 91% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 90.41 28.86 18.24 9.17 5.22 5.01
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - 0.56 1.91
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Over all the available data source (Aug 1972 - Apr 2024)
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 41.55 23.92 21.57 11.67 9.87 7.70
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -26.40 -11.82 -8.09 -1.50 2.63 3.43
% Positive Periods 60% 80% 85% 99% 100% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 80.55 24.19 13.49 5.41 3.22 2.53
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - - 0.90
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 35.03 18.77 16.77 8.65 7.10 5.19
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -31.42 -14.58 -12.64 -6.37 -0.77 1.34
% Positive Periods 54% 64% 73% 90% 98% 100%
SWR - Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized 80.55 24.19 13.49 5.41 3.22 2.53
PWR - Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) - 100% Success - Annualized - - - - - 0.90
WR calculated based on initial capital | Monthly withdrawals adjusted for inflation | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Terms and Definitions
  • Annualized Portfolio Return: it's the annualized geometric mean return of the portfolio.
  • Deepest/Longest Drawdown: a drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. The deepest (or maximum) drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained. The longest drawdown is the period observed from a peak to the subsequent peak with the greatest duration.
  • Longest negative period: it's the maximum period for which an overall negative return has been observed.
  • Standard Deviation: it's a measure of the dispersion of returns around the mean.
  • Sharpe Ratio: it's a measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's calculated by dividing the excess return of the portfolio over the risk-free rate by the portfolio standard deviation. The risk-free rate here considered is the 1-3 Mth T-Bill return.
  • Sortino Ratio: another measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's a modification of the Sharpe Ratio (same formula but the denominator is the portfolio downside standard deviation).
  • Ulcer Index: it's a measure of downside risk that quantifies the depth and duration of drawdowns in an investment portfolio.
  • Best/Worst 10Y returns: the best and the worst 10-year return over a time frame.
  • Rolling Returns: N-year returns over a time frame, calculated over all the available data source (best, worst, % of positive returns). Each rolling period, longer than the longest negative period, yielded a non-negative minimum return.
  • Safe Withdrawal Rate (SWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, without the portfolio running out of money in any case (money amount withdrawal).
    For instance: Your initial invested capital is 100.000$; withdrawal rate (annualized) is 4%. This means that, in the first month, you will withdraw 100.000 * 4% * 1/12 = 333.33$. The second month, you’ll withdraw 333.33$ plus the inflation monthly rate. You’ll continue adjusting your withdraw monthly for inflation.
  • Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (PWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, preserving the original invested capital, adjusted for inflation too.

Correlations as of Apr 30, 2024

Correlation measures to what degree the returns of the two assets move in relation to each other.

Correlation coefficient is a numerical value between -1 and +1. If one variable goes up by a certain amount, the correlation coefficient indicates which way the other variable moves and by how much.
Asset correlations are calculated based on monthly returns.

Monthly correlations of iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF vs the main Asset Classes, over different timeframes. Columns are sortable (click on table header to sort).

ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Monthly correlations as of 30 April 2024
Swipe left to see all data
Correlation vs EUNU.DE
Asset Class 1 Year 5 Years 10 Years 30 Years Since
Jan 1992
VTI
US Total Stock Market
0.34
0.21
0.06
-0.11
-0.08
SPY
US Large Cap
0.33
0.21
0.06
-0.10
-0.07
IJR
US Small Cap
0.39
0.15
0.06
-0.14
-0.10
VNQ
US REITs
0.43
0.36
0.33
-0.07
-0.05
QQQ
US Technology
0.47
0.30
0.12
-0.03
-0.01
PFF
Preferred Stocks
0.47
0.39
0.30
-0.01
0.00
EFA
EAFE Stocks
0.31
0.09
-0.06
-0.31
-0.29
VT
World All Countries
0.31
0.16
0.00
-0.22
-0.19
EEM
Emerging Markets
0.09
0.03
-0.10
-0.21
-0.12
VGK
Europe
0.30
0.07
-0.09
-0.34
-0.31
VPL
Pacific
0.38
0.13
-0.01
-0.20
-0.18
FLLA
Latin America
0.24
-0.02
-0.15
-0.14
-0.09
BND
US Total Bond Market
0.73
0.60
0.53
0.32
0.31
TLT
Long Term Treasuries
0.69
0.56
0.56
0.39
0.38
BIL
US Cash
-0.09
-0.04
-0.09
0.04
0.04
TIP
TIPS
0.66
0.59
0.47
0.20
0.21
LQD
Invest. Grade Bonds
0.66
0.55
0.46
0.20
0.20
HYG
High Yield Bonds
0.51
0.36
0.21
-0.10
-0.08
CWB
US Convertible Bonds
0.46
0.15
0.04
-0.14
-0.10
BNDX
International Bonds
0.76
0.74
0.65
0.21
0.22
EMB
Emerg. Market Bonds
0.47
0.32
0.25
0.10
0.11
GLD
Gold
0.07
0.04
0.08
-0.12
-0.10
DBC
Commodities
-0.46
-0.34
-0.33
-0.31
-0.30

If you want to learn more about historical correlations, you can find out here how the main asset class are correlated to each other.

Drawdowns

A drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. A maximum drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained.

ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Drawdown periods
Drawdown periods - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 May 1994 - 30 April 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 August 1972 - 30 April 2024 (~52 years)
Inflation Adjusted:
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Rolling Returns

( more details)

A rolling return is a measure of investment performance that calculates the return of an investment over a set period of time, with the starting date rolling forward. This approach can provide a more accurate representation of the investment's historical performance and helps investors to evaluate the investment's consistency over time.

ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Annualized Rolling Returns
Annualized Rolling Returns - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 May 1994 - 30 April 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 August 1972 - 30 April 2024 (~52 years)
Inflation Adjusted:

If you need a deeper detail about rolling returns, please refer to the iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF: Rolling Returns page.

Seasonality

In which months is it better to invest in iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF?

Both the Average Return and the Gain Frequency (Win %) are useful to get an idea of what happened in the past.
For further information about the seasonality, check the Asset Class Seasonality page.
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Monthly Returns

This section provides a visual/tabular representation of the performance variability in the iShares Core Global Aggregate Bond (EUNU.DE) ETF over time. It illustrates the distribution of monthly returns, showcasing the range and frequency of positive and negative returns.

ISHARES CORE GLOBAL AGGREGATE BOND (EUNU.DE) ETF
Monthly Returns Distribution
Data Source: 1 May 1994 - 30 April 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 August 1972 - 30 April 2024 (~52 years)
189 Positive Months (53%) - 171 Negative Months (48%)
328 Positive Months (53%) - 293 Negative Months (47%)
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(Scroll down to see all data)
Investment Returns, up to December 2017, have been derived using the historical series of equivalent ETFs / Assets.
You can find additional information on extended Data Sources here.

Returns are calculated based on the performance of the original US asset, adjusted for actual currency exchange rates.

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