Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio: ETF allocation and returns

Data Source: from January 1985 to May 2024 (~39 years)
Consolidated Returns as of 31 May 2024
Live Update: Jun 21 2024
Currency: USD
PORTFOLIO • LIVE PERFORMANCE (USD currency)
0.26%
1 Day
Jun 21 2024
0.61%
Current Month
June 2024

The Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio can be implemented with 11 ETFs. This portfolio has a very high risk, meaning it can experience significant fluctuations in value. It is suitable for investors with a high risk tolerance who are seeking substantial returns and can withstand large drawdowns.

The asset allocation is the following: 90.1% on the Stock Market, 9.9% on Fixed Income, 0% on Commodities. In general, bonds are useful for mitigating overall portfolio risk, especially if they are issued by national entities or highly reliable companies. This portfolio has a 9.9% allocation to bonds, leading to its classification as very high risk.

In the last 30 Years, the Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio obtained a 8.28% compound annual return, with a 14.44% standard deviation. It suffered a maximum drawdown of -50.07% that required 62 months to be recovered.

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Asset Allocation and ETFs

The Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio has the following asset allocation:

90.1% Stocks
9.9% Fixed Income
0% Commodities

The Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio can be implemented with the following ETFs:

Weight
(%)
ETF
Ticker
ETF
Currency
ETF Name Investment Themes (Orig.Currency)
30.90
VTI
USD Vanguard Total Stock Market Equity, U.S., Large Cap (USD)
24.60
VEA
USD Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets Equity, EAFE, Large Cap (USD)
14.00
EEM
USD iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Equity, Emerging Markets, Large Cap (USD)
8.20
VTV
USD Vanguard Value Equity, U.S., Large Cap, Value (USD)
6.70
VOE
USD Vanguard Mid-Cap Value Equity, U.S., Mid Cap (USD)
5.70
IJS
USD iShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Equity, U.S., Small Cap, Value (USD)
3.50
BND
USD Vanguard Total Bond Market Bond, U.S., All-Term (USD)
2.90
BNDX
USD Vanguard Total International Bond Bond, Developed Markets Ex-US, All-Term (USD)
1.70
EMB
USD iShares JP Morgan USD Em Mkts Bd Bond, Emerging Markets, All-Term (USD)
1.20
TIP
USD iShares TIPS Bond Bond, U.S., All-Term (USD)
0.60
BIL
USD SPDR Blmbg Barclays 1-3 Mth T-Bill Bond, U.S., Ultra Short-Term (USD)

Most of Lazy Portfolios are made of common components (asset classes), very simple and well defined. For a more complete view, find out the most common ETFs you can use to build your portfolio.

Portfolio and ETF Returns as of May 31, 2024

The Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio guaranteed the following returns.

Returns are calculated in USD, assuming: June 2024 return is calculated on the hypothesis of a newly built portfolio, with the starting asset allocation.
BETTERMENT ROBO ADVISOR 90 PORTFOLIO
Consolidated returns as of 31 May 2024
Live Update: Jun 21 2024
Swipe left to see all data
  Chg (%) Return (%) Return (%) as of May 31, 2024
  1 Day Time ET(*) Jun 2024 1M 6M 1Y 5Y 10Y 30Y MAX
(~39Y)
Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio -0.26 0.61 3.76 12.04 19.27 9.46 7.39 8.28 10.46
US Inflation Adjusted return 3.75 10.18 15.52 5.08 4.43 5.59 7.45
Components
VTI
USD Vanguard Total Stock Market -0.15 Jun 21 2024 3.02 4.76 16.01 27.64 14.92 12.05 10.44 11.27
VEA
USD Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets -0.67 Jun 21 2024 -2.31 4.66 12.45 17.69 8.18 4.82 5.08 8.03
EEM
USD iShares MSCI Emerging Markets -0.35 Jun 21 2024 2.81 1.95 7.63 12.37 2.85 2.03 4.81 8.72
VTV
USD Vanguard Value -0.23 Jun 21 2024 0.47 3.00 14.01 22.77 12.00 10.07 9.53 10.94
VOE
USD Vanguard Mid-Cap Value 0.01 Jun 21 2024 -1.30 3.22 13.63 23.15 10.70 8.54 10.74 11.89
IJS
USD iShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Value 0.21 Jun 21 2024 -3.80 4.56 10.88 15.95 9.41 7.69 10.36 11.74
BND
USD Vanguard Total Bond Market 0.03 Jun 21 2024 1.54 1.68 2.05 1.44 -0.19 1.23 4.30 5.66
BNDX
USD Vanguard Total International Bond 0.10 Jun 21 2024 1.17 0.29 2.05 3.64 -0.19 1.93 4.91 6.54
EMB
USD iShares JP Morgan USD Em Mkts Bd 0.12 Jun 21 2024 0.78 2.61 6.31 10.41 0.19 2.01 9.10 9.42
TIP
USD iShares TIPS Bond -0.15 Jun 21 2024 1.01 1.78 2.42 1.36 1.58 1.56 5.24 6.66
BIL
USD SPDR Blmbg Barclays 1-3 Mth T-Bill 0.03 Jun 21 2024 0.31 0.46 2.63 5.37 1.97 1.31 2.28 3.12
Returns over 1 year are annualized | Available data source: since Jan 1985
(*) Eastern Time (ET - America/New York)
US Inflation is updated to May 2024. Current inflation (annualized) is 1Y: 3.25% , 5Y: 4.17% , 10Y: 2.83% , 30Y: 2.54%
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In 2023, the Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio granted a 2.72% dividend yield. If you are interested in getting periodic income, please refer to the Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio: Dividend Yield page.

Capital Growth as of May 31, 2024

An investment of 1$, since June 1994, now would be worth 10.86$, with a total return of 986.39% (8.28% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 5.12$, with a net total return of 411.59% (5.59% annualized).
An investment of 1$, since January 1985, now would be worth 50.45$, with a total return of 4944.66% (10.46% annualized).

The Inflation Adjusted Capital now would be 16.99$, with a net total return of 1599.13% (7.45% annualized).

Portfolio Metrics as of May 31, 2024

Metrics of Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio, updated as of 31 May 2024, provide a comprehensive overview of the portfolio's performance and risk characteristics.

These metrics include detailed data on returns, volatility, drawdowns and other key performance indicators. By examining them, you can gain insights into how the portfolio has performed over various time periods and understand its risk profile.

Metrics are calculated based on monthly returns, assuming:
BETTERMENT ROBO ADVISOR 90 PORTFOLIO
Advanced Metrics
Data Source: 1 January 1985 - 31 May 2024 (~39 years)
Swipe left to see all data
Metrics as of May 31, 2024
1M 3M 6M 1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
(~39Y)
Investment Return (%) 3.76 3.62 12.04 19.27 2.81 9.46 7.39 8.13 8.28 10.46
Infl. Adjusted Return (%)
3.75 2.90 10.18 15.52 -2.34 5.08 4.43 5.41 5.59 7.45
US Inflation (%) 0.01 0.70 1.69 3.25 5.28 4.17 2.83 2.58 2.54 2.80
Returns / Inflation rates over 1 year are annualized.
DRAWDOWN
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -9.98 -23.36 -23.36 -23.36 -50.07 -50.07 -50.07
Start to Recovery (# months)
5 26 26 26 62 62 62
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2007 11 2007 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 16 16
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 2009 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 17 17 17 46 46 46
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 02 2024 02 2024 02 2012 12 2012 12 2012 12
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same

same

same

same

same

same

same
Start to Recovery (# months)
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2022 01 2022 01 2022 01 2007 11 2007 11 2007 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 9 9 9 16 16 16
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 2009 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 17 17 17 46 46 46
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 2024 02 2024 02 2024 02 2012 12 2012 12 2012 12
Longest negative period (# months)
5 30 33 35 62 111 111
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 06 2020 01 2017 05 2007 06 1999 12 1999 12
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2023 11 2022 09 2020 03 2012 07 2009 02 2009 02
Annualized Return (%) -3.94 -1.21 -0.01 -0.34 -0.10 -0.13 -0.13
Deepest Drawdown Depth (%) -10.83 -28.50 -28.50 -28.50 -50.90 -50.90 -50.90
Start to Recovery (# months)
5 33* 33* 33* 66 66 66
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2021 09 2021 09 2021 09 2007 11 2007 11 2007 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 13 13 13 16 16 16
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 2009 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 20 20 20 50 50 50
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - 2013 04 2013 04 2013 04
Longest Drawdown Depth (%)
same

same

same

same

same

same

same
Start to Recovery (# months)
Start (yyyy mm) 2023 08 2021 09 2021 09 2021 09 2007 11 2007 11 2007 11
Start to Bottom (# months) 3 13 13 13 16 16 16
Bottom (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2022 09 2022 09 2022 09 2009 02 2009 02 2009 02
Bottom to End (# months) 2 20 20 20 50 50 50
End (yyyy mm) 2023 12 - - - 2013 04 2013 04 2013 04
Longest negative period (# months)
5 36* 48 69 73 140 140
Period Start (yyyy mm) 2023 06 2021 06 2019 11 2018 02 2006 05 1997 07 1997 07
Period End (yyyy mm) 2023 10 2024 05 2023 10 2023 10 2012 05 2009 02 2009 02
Annualized Return (%) -7.04 -2.34 -0.07 -0.35 -0.23 -0.13 -0.13
Drawdowns / Negative periods marked with * are in progress
RISK INDICATORS
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Standard Deviation (%) 14.05 15.53 16.53 13.88 14.76 14.44 14.50
Sharpe Ratio 0.99 0.00 0.45 0.44 0.46 0.42 0.45
Sortino Ratio 1.35 0.00 0.60 0.59 0.60 0.54 0.58
Ulcer Index 3.73 9.52 8.50 6.83 11.56 11.39 10.37
Ratio: Return / Standard Deviation 1.37 0.18 0.57 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.72
Ratio: Return / Deepest Drawdown 1.93 0.12 0.41 0.32 0.16 0.17 0.21
Positive Months (%)
58.33 52.77 60.00 62.50 62.91 61.94 64.05
Positive Months 7 19 36 75 151 223 303
Negative Months 5 17 24 45 89 137 170
LONG TERM RETURNS
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 7.39 13.18 13.18 16.52
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 4.80 1.70 1.70
Best 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 4.43 11.22 11.22 12.71
Worst 10 Years Return (%) - Annualized 2.98 -0.86 -0.86
TIMEFRAMES
Inflation Adjusted:
Inflation Adjusted:
1M 3M 6M 1Y 3Y 5Y 10Y 20Y 30Y MAX
··· Over the latest 30Y
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 58.27 26.29 20.84 13.18 9.24 8.28
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.94 -12.87 -2.57 1.70 5.16
Positive Periods (%) 74.2 86.4 96.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 54.93 22.87 17.80 11.22 6.81 5.59
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.95 -14.72 -5.07 -0.86 3.02
Positive Periods (%) 69.9 80.6 88.0 98.7 100.0 100.0
95% VaR - Value at Risk (%) - Cumulative
6.10 9.62 12.27 15.69 17.15 0.00 0.00 0.00
95% CVaR - Conditional Value at Risk (%) 7.83 12.61 16.51 28.14 28.29 3.36 0.00 0.00
99% VaR - Value at Risk (%) - Cumulative
8.94 14.53 19.23 38.18 36.95 6.86 0.00 0.00
99% CVaR - Conditional Value at Risk (%) 10.75 17.66 23.66 41.17 40.91 12.48 0.00 0.00
Short term VaRs: analytical | 1+ year VaRs: historical data
Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) 71.97 24.40 15.58 9.24 5.98 7.20
Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) --- --- --- --- 2.69 5.79
% based on initial capital, inflation-adj. monthly withdrawals afterwards | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
··· All available data (Jan 1985 - May 2024)
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 58.27 26.29 23.28 16.52 13.32 11.33
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.94 -12.87 -2.57 1.70 5.16 7.64
Positive Periods (%) 76.6 89.9 97.5 100.0 100.0 100.0
Best Rolling Return (%) - Annualized 54.93 22.87 18.92 12.71 9.99 8.38
Worst Rolling Return (%) - Annualized -42.95 -14.72 -5.07 -0.86 3.02 4.99
Positive Periods (%) 72.5 85.1 91.3 99.1 100.0 100.0
95% VaR - Value at Risk (%) - Cumulative
5.96 9.16 11.34 14.64 14.97 0.00 0.00 0.00
95% CVaR - Conditional Value at Risk (%) 7.70 12.17 15.59 24.64 24.80 1.23 0.00 0.00
99% VaR - Value at Risk (%) - Cumulative
8.82 14.10 18.32 37.45 33.56 6.49 0.00 0.00
99% CVaR - Conditional Value at Risk (%) 10.63 17.24 22.77 39.63 39.58 10.58 0.00 0.00
Short term VaRs: analytical | 1+ year VaRs: historical data
Safe Withdrawal Rate (%) 71.97 24.40 15.58 9.24 5.98 6.63
Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (%) --- --- --- --- 2.69 5.16
% based on initial capital, inflation-adj. monthly withdrawals afterwards | Credits: BestRetirementPortfolio.com
Terms and Definitions
  • Annualized Portfolio Return: it's the annualized geometric mean return of the portfolio.
  • Deepest/Longest Drawdown: a drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. The deepest (or maximum) drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained. The longest drawdown is the period observed from a peak to the subsequent peak with the greatest duration.
  • Longest negative period: it's the maximum period for which an overall negative return has been observed.
  • Standard Deviation: it's a measure of the dispersion of returns around the mean.
  • Sharpe Ratio: it's a measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's calculated by dividing the excess return of the portfolio over the risk-free rate by the portfolio standard deviation. The risk-free rate here considered is the 1-3 Mth T-Bill return.
  • Sortino Ratio: another measure of risk-adjusted performance of the portfolio. It's a modification of the Sharpe Ratio (same formula but the denominator is the portfolio downside standard deviation).
  • Ulcer Index: it's a measure of downside risk that quantifies the depth and duration of drawdowns in an investment portfolio.
  • Best/Worst 10Y returns: the best and the worst 10-year return over a time frame.
  • Rolling Returns: N-year returns over a time frame, calculated over all the available data source (best, worst, % of positive returns). Each rolling period, longer than the longest negative period, yielded a non-negative minimum return.
  • Value at Risk (VaR): it's an evaluation of a cumulative worst-case loss (in absolute value), associated with a probability (95%-99%) and a time horizon. For short term, it's calculated based on the expected return and standard deviation, assuming a normal distribution of monthly returns. For long term is retrieved by the historical rolling return data.
  • Conditional Value at Risk (CVaR): it represents the average expected loss if that worst-case threshold (95%-99%) is ever crossed.
  • Safe Withdrawal Rate (SWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, without the portfolio running out of money in any case (money amount withdrawal).
    For instance: Your initial invested capital is 100.000$; withdrawal rate (annualized) is 4%. This means that, in the first month, you will withdraw 100.000 * 4% * 1/12 = 333.33$. The second month, you’ll withdraw 333.33$ plus the inflation monthly rate. You’ll continue adjusting your withdraw monthly for inflation.
  • Perpetual Withdrawal Rate (PWR): it's the percentage of the initial portfolio balance that can be withdrawn at the beginning of each month with inflation adjustment, preserving the original invested capital, adjusted for inflation too.

Portfolio Components Correlation

Correlation measures to what degree the returns of two assets move in relation to each other. It is a statistical measure that describes the extent to which the returns of one asset are related to the returns of another asset.

COMPONENTS MONTHLY CORRELATIONS
Monthly correlations as of 31 May 2024
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Terms and Definitions
Correlation values range between -1 and +1
  • A correlation of +1 indicates that the returns of the two assets move in perfect synchrony; when one asset's returns go up, the other asset's returns also go up by the same percentage, and vice versa. This perfect positive correlation implies that the assets perform similarly in different market conditions.
  • A correlation of -1 indicates a perfect inverse relationship between the returns of the two assets. When one asset's returns go up, the other asset's returns go down by the same percentage. This perfect negative correlation suggests that the assets move in opposite directions, providing a diversification benefit by reducing overall portfolio risk.
  • A correlation of 0 means that there is no linear relationship between the returns of the two assets. The returns of one asset do not predict the returns of the other.
Learn about historical correlations here: see how the main asset classes relate to each other.

Drawdowns

A drawdown refers to the decline in value from a relative peak value to a relative trough. A maximum drawdown is the maximum observed loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio before a new peak is attained.

BETTERMENT ROBO ADVISOR 90 PORTFOLIO
Drawdown periods
Drawdown periods - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 June 1994 - 31 May 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1985 - 31 May 2024 (~39 years)
Inflation Adjusted:
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Rolling Returns

( more details)

A rolling return is a measure of investment performance that calculates the return of an investment over a set period of time, with the starting date rolling forward. This approach can provide a more accurate representation of the investment's historical performance and helps investors to evaluate the investment's consistency over time.

BETTERMENT ROBO ADVISOR 90 PORTFOLIO
Annualized Rolling Returns
Annualized Rolling Returns - Inflation Adjusted
Data Source: 1 June 1994 - 31 May 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1985 - 31 May 2024 (~39 years)
Inflation Adjusted:

If you need a deeper detail about rolling returns, please refer to the Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio: Rolling Returns page.

Seasonality

In which months is it better to invest in Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio?

Both the Average Return and the Gain Frequency (Win %) are useful to get an idea of what happened in the past.
For further information about the seasonality, check the Asset Class Seasonality page.
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Monthly Returns

This section provides a visual/tabular representation of the performance variability in the Betterment Robo Advisor 90 Portfolio over time. It illustrates the distribution of monthly returns, showcasing the range and frequency of positive and negative returns.

BETTERMENT ROBO ADVISOR 90 PORTFOLIO
Monthly Returns Distribution
Data Source: 1 June 1994 - 31 May 2024 (30 Years)
Data Source: 1 January 1985 - 31 May 2024 (~39 years)
223 Positive Months (62%) - 137 Negative Months (38%)
303 Positive Months (64%) - 170 Negative Months (36%)
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Investment Returns, up to December 2013, have been derived using the historical series of equivalent ETFs / Assets, instead of the actual ETFs of the portfolio.
You can find additional information on extended Data Sources here.

In particular, the series derived from equivalent datasets are:
  • Vanguard Total Stock Market (VTI), up to December 2001
  • Vanguard FTSE Developed Markets (VEA), up to December 2007
  • iShares MSCI Emerging Markets (EEM), up to December 2003
  • Vanguard Value (VTV), up to December 2004
  • Vanguard Mid-Cap Value (VOE), up to December 2006
  • iShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Value (IJS), up to December 2000
  • Vanguard Total Bond Market (BND), up to December 2007
  • Vanguard Total International Bond (BNDX), up to December 2013
  • iShares JP Morgan USD Em Mkts Bd (EMB), up to December 2007
  • iShares TIPS Bond (TIP), up to December 2003
  • SPDR Blmbg Barclays 1-3 Mth T-Bill (BIL), up to December 2007

Portfolio efficiency

The following portfolios granted a higher return over 30 Years and a less severe drawdown at the same time.

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In the following table, you can compare the current portfolio with a list of famous portfolios. Metrics are calculated over the last 30 Years.

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